In the surgical treatment of apical prolapse, vaginal and abdominal method are used. Endoscopy options are also available for the abdominal method. Surgical treatment of apical prolapse: Vaginal method Sacrospinous ligament fixation Vaginal mesh Posterior IVS High uterosacral plication Abdominal method Open sacrocolpopexy Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy / cervicopexis Robotic sacrocolpopexy /...
Removal of uterus (hysterectomy) is the most common operation in gynecology. After this operation, in some patients, the vault of the vagina protrudes out of the vagina; in severe cases, vagina may turn down like a balloon and protrudes out. The protruded vagina pulls down the bladder and the...