Types of Urinary Incontinence

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Types of Urinary Incontinence, Involuntary excretion of urine with urge to urinate or without any urge can be explained as urinary incontinence types. Some patients may have an urge to urinate, and although a tendency to go to the toilet is present, urine will not be able to held in the expected time and will be excreted in the form of leak. In some group of patients, involuntary urine leak may occur with activities requiring effort, such as coughing and climbing stairs.

When should people consult a doctor?

  • If frequent urge to urinate is present and urine leaks out drop by drop
  • If urine leaks out with effort (coughing, sneezing, lifting heavy things, etc.)
  • If constant urge to urinate is experienced, although the bladder is empty
  • If there is a need to use the toilet but the time cannot be adjusted

Types of urinary incontinence

What are the types of urinary incontinence? 

  • Stress incontinence: It is the most common type of urinary incontinence which is specific to women. Urinary incontinence is triggered by sudden movements. With the movements such as bending-straightening up, laughing, coughing and sneezing, urine will manifest itself with wetness without being aware of it. The primary factor here is weakened muscles of the pelvic floor. This may be seen to be caused by multiple deliveries, overweight and genetic factors. The secondary factor is the dysfunction of the muscles responsible for emptying the bladder.

Types of urinary incontinence

  • Urge incontinence (overactive bladder): It is acting with strong urge to urinate and acting early to urinate. The muscles will spontaneously excrete urine before the time comes. There will be sudden urge to urinate and desire to empty it immediately.
  • Overflow incontinence: When urine is stored in the bladder more than its capacity, a small amount of urine leak occurs without having any urge to urinate. Such patients frequently go to the toilet with a constant feeling of full bladder. The common problem of the patients in this case, which is mostly experienced by diabetic patients, is the feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

What are the treatment methods for urinary incontinence?

Types of urinary incontinence, it is necessary to reach the source and find the main cause and develop preventive or therapeutic methods. The treatment of stress incontinence is surgery. Urge incontinence is treated by non-surgical treatment methods.