Overactive Bladder Treatment


Overactive bladder treatment, it is a syndrome related to urinary incontinence. Although the incidence varies from country to country, this syndrome is seen in one-third of women aged above 18 years. Women who experience this condition usually have:

  • frequent urination,
  • frequent urination at night (nocturia)
  • sudden urge to urinate
  • sudden urge to urinate with urinary incontinence.

Overactive Bladder Treatment

Medication. Anticholinergic and antimuscarinic drugs are used. The side effects of these drugs include dry mouth, constipation, increased intraocular pressure, and increased heart rate. It should be used with caution in elderly patients because of the side effects.

It negatively affects the social life of women and significantly decreases their quality of life.

This condition is difficult to treat. The goal of treatment is to improve the quality of life. Treatment consists of the following:

  • Functional electrical stimulation (FES). A device that gives electric stimulation and stimulates the contraction is inserted into the vagina, and the muscles around the vagina and bladder muscles are worked. The success rate is 60-70%. The treatment is carried out 2 times a week for 2 months.
  • Magnetic chair. The patient is seated on a seat that creates a magnetic field. Vaginal muscles, bladder and the last portion of the large intestine are worked by magnetic waves. It is carried out 2-3 times a week for 1.5-2 months. The success rate is about 70%.

Overactive Bladder Treatment

  • Nerve stimulation through above the skin with TENS devices.
  • Vaginal estrogen therapy. It has a positive effect on postmenopausal patients.
  • It’s a surgical procedure. The nerve in the sacrum is entered with a needle and the nerve is stimulated.
  • Botox injection. Overactive bladder treatment, it is one of the last options. Botox is injected into the bladder. It should be repeated every 6-8 months. Though less likely, some women may need catheter after the treatment.

Treatment should be selected according to the patient’s age, severity of complaints and medical condition. Treatments can be combined. The selection should be made from simple to complex.

Although new methods are developed for the treatment of overactive bladder with each passing day, it is a treatable disease. You have read the theoretical information about overactive bladder treatment. You should consult a physician about the treatment process. The methods used for bladder treatment are described in this article. You can access our article on overactive bladder and urinary incontinence from this link.