Infertility treatment, couples who cannot have a child for more than 1 year despite a regular intercourse should consult a gynecologist. Couples at advanced ages should consult a doctor at an earlier time in order to prevent decreased quality of eggs and to obtain early response to the treatment, for example, couples above the age of 35 should consult a doctor after the 6th month of their marriage, and couples above the age of 40 should consult a doctor after the 3rd month of their marriage. If infertility is diagnosed as a result of the tests performed on couples who cannot have a child within 1 year and consult the doctor, appropriate treatment should be initiated.
Infertility Treatment Kısırlık Tedavisi
While investigating the cause of infertility, examinations are performed both on man and woman, not only on man or woman. Because the risk of infertility is the same for both genders. Gynecological examination is performed on, and the uterus is evaluated with ultrasound. Hormone tests are ordered, if necessary. Sperm analysis is performed on men since it produces easy and rapid result.
The method to be selected is not only determined by the cause of infertility, but also the age of woman, the quality of egg and the administration number and types of previous treatments are also an important factor in the selection of treatment.
What are the treatment methods?
- Ovulation method: It is the most commly used method in the treatment of infertility. This method is carried out by taking oral pills or by subcutaneously injecting the needles that stimulate ovulation or egg growth. The goal of this method is to ensure that a woman regularly ovulates every month and gets pregnant by having intercourse at the specified times. Ovulation treatment is administered for 3 or 6 months, if no result is obtained, different treatments are used depending on the patient’s condition.
- Insemination method: Insemination method is used with ovulation method. The eggs are induced to grow by taking oral pills on the 3rd or 5th day of menstruation, or using injection method on the 2nd/3rd day of menstruation. If the pill method is used, the treatment is continued for 5 days, if the injection method is used, the treatment is continued until the diameter of the eggs becomes 18 mm. The diameter of the eggs is checked with ultrasound at certain intervals. Infertility treatment, when the eggs reach the desired size, they can be waited to crack spontaneously or an injection, called HCG, which allows the eggs to crack, can be administered. It is recommended that couples have intercourse every 2 days for 1 week 24-36 hours after the administration of egg cracking shot or when the eggs reach a size of 18-20 mm after pill treatment.
- Surgical treatments: It is a treatment administered with laparoscopy or hysteroscopy, which are used in pathological conditions such as chocolate cyst or intra-uterine myoma, polyp. By adding drugs therapies to these treatments, positive results are obtained.
- In vitro fertilization: It is a treatment method used on patients who cannot get pregnant with ovulation or insemination methods by fertilizing male and female reproductive cells in the laboratory environment and placing the fertilized eggs into a woman’s uterus. Nowadays, the success rate of IVF is quite high. Patients with infertility problem can usually have the chance to have a child using this method.